Beyond the Basics: Does Cyber Security Demand Coding Expertise?

In today’s digitally connected world, the importance of cybersecurity cannot be overstated.

As more and more individuals and businesses fall victim to cyber threats, the demand for skilled professionals in this field continues to rise.

But does cyber security require coding?

While coding skills certainly have their place in the world of cybersecurity, there are also a variety of roles that do not necessitate coding expertise.

In this article, we will explore some of the intriguing career options available within the realm of cybersecurity that don’t revolve around coding.

So if you’ve ever wondered about the exciting possibilities that lie beyond the world of programming, keep reading to discover the diverse avenues of cyber defense that await you!

Does cyber security require coding?

The short answer is no. Throughout my career, I’ve collaborated with scores of cybersecurity experts who have little to no background in coding.

It’s true that particular roles, such as Malware Analysts and Penetration Testers, often demand a solid grasp of coding. Yet, the vast cyber landscape offers numerous positions where coding isn’t a centerpiece.

That said, a foundational understanding of coding or scripting can streamline tasks, just as proficiency in Excel, PowerBI, or adeptness in drafting detailed processes and procedures can be invaluable assets. In essence, while coding can be a tool in the cybersecurity toolkit, it isn’t the only one, nor is it mandatory for all roles.

Key Points:

  • Coding Not a Universal Prerequisite: Many cybersecurity experts thrive without a coding background.
  • Role-Specific Needs: Positions like Malware Analysts and Penetration Testers often demand coding proficiency.
  • Diverse Cyber Landscape: The cybersecurity sector offers a plethora of roles where coding isn’t central.
  • Beneficial But Not Essential: A basic understanding of coding can streamline certain tasks but isn’t mandatory.
  • Other Valuable Skills: Proficiency in tools like Excel, PowerBI, and the ability to draft processes can be as pivotal as coding in some roles.
  • Tools in the Cybersecurity Toolkit: Coding is just one among many tools; not all roles demand its mastery.

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💡 Did You Know?

  1. Historical Encryption: Did you know that coding and cybersecurity have historical roots that date back centuries? The Caesar cipher, one of the earliest known encryption techniques, was used by Julius Caesar around 58 BC to communicate confidentially with his generals.
  2. First Computer Virus: Did you know that the world’s first computer virus was detected in the early 1970s? Named “Creeper,” it was an experimental self-replicating program, which set the foundation for understanding modern cybersecurity threats.
  3. Alan Turing’s Impact: Did you know that the father of modern computing, Alan Turing, played a pivotal role in cybersecurity? During World War II, he developed the Bombe machine, which deciphered encrypted messages from the German Enigma machine, changing the course of the war.
  4. Hackers’ Ethical Divisions: Did you know that not all hackers have malicious intentions? They’re classified based on “hats”: “White Hat” hackers find vulnerabilities to enhance security, “Black Hat” hackers exploit them for personal gain, while “Grey Hat” hackers reside somewhere in between.
  5. Honey, I Trapped the Hacker!: Did you know about “honeypots” in cybersecurity? These are decoy systems set up to lure and trap attackers, allowing cybersecurity professionals to study their techniques and better defend real systems. The name derives from the idea of attracting “bears” (hackers) with “honey” (fake vulnerabilities).

What Skills Do I Need to Start a Cybersecurity Career?

Navigating the digital labyrinths, confronting virtual villains, and safeguarding the treasures of the internet realm! Embarking on a cybersecurity career is akin to stepping into the electrifying universe of cyber sleuthing. But, what keys do you need to unlock this thrilling career path? Let’s decrypt the code!

🎯 1. Curiosity: The Adventurer’s Spirit

  • Why It Matters: Uncovering the mysteries of cyber attacks, exploring the unknown realms of the dark web, and deciphering the hidden patterns in data all demand an insatiable curiosity!
  • Unlocking Tip: Dive into cybersecurity forums, stay abreast with tech news, and let your curiosity lead your exploration into recent global cyber incidents!

💻 2. Technical Proficiency: Your Cyber Sword

  • Why It Matters: Defending virtual kingdoms (networks and systems) requires proficiency in using the technical arsenal like operating systems, networking, and cloud platforms.
  • Unlocking Tip: Embrace hands-on practice through virtual labs, tinkering with software, and understanding the mechanics of networks and systems!

🔗 3. Understanding Cyber Threats: Know Thy Enemy

  • Why It Matters: Identifying, analysing, and nullifying cyber threats are paramount! Knowledge about malware, phishing, and ransomware is your shield in the cyber battlefield.
  • Unlocking Tip: Delve into real-case scenarios of cyber attacks and investigate the strategies employed by cyber adversaries!

🔍 4. Problem Solving: The Cyber Detective Mindset

  • Why It Matters: Cybersecurity demands sharp analytical and problem-solving skills to investigate incidents and devise strategies to thwart cyber criminals.
  • Unlocking Tip: Engage in cybersecurity puzzles, capture the flag competitions, and embrace the challenges in ethical hacking platforms!

🤖 5. Basic Programming: Commanding Your Cyber Minions

  • Why It Matters: While not always mandatory, understanding basic scripting (Python, Bash) empowers you to automate tasks and analyse malware.
  • Unlocking Tip: Step into the world of code through beginner-friendly platforms and gradually level up your skills through practical projects!

🛡 6. Legal & Ethical Knowledge: The Cyber Guardian’s Code

  • Why It Matters: Upholding the ethics and legalities in the digital domain ensures you protect without infringing on privacy and compliance norms.
  • Unlocking Tip: Acquaint yourself with cybersecurity laws, data protection regulations, and ethical guidelines to reinforce your guardian stance!

🗣 7. Communication Skills: The Herald of Cyber Tales

  • Why It Matters: Translating the complex cyber sagas into comprehendible narratives for all stakeholders safeguards the realms of your organization.
  • Unlocking Tip: Practice elucidating cyber incidents in simple terms, creating reports, and conveying security policies coherently to diverse audiences!

🌐 8. Networking Knowledge: Navigating the Cyber Terrains

  • Why It Matters: Understanding the intricacies of the internet and internal networks fortifies your capabilities in identifying vulnerabilities.
  • Unlocking Tip: Learn the protocols, delve into network configurations, and explore tools that analyze data traversing through the cyber terrains!

💼 9. Professional Certification: The Badge of Credibility

  • Why It Matters: Certifications like CompTIA Security+, CEH, and CISSP validate your skills and elevate your stature in the cybersecurity community.
  • Unlocking Tip: Choose certifications aligned with your career path, prepare with diligence, and showcase your validated skills to potential recruiters!

🚀 Launching Your Cyber Journey! Initiating your expedition in cybersecurity entails weaving together a blend of these technical and soft skills, ensuring you are well-armored to confront the cyber challenges that lie ahead. Each skill embellishes your cybersecurity persona, enabling you to not only thwart virtual adversaries but also evolve with the dynamic cyber landscapes. So gear up, cyber warrior, the digital realms await your safeguarding! 🛡🌐👥

10 Cyber Security Roles That Do Not Require Coding – Junior to Senior

Navigating through a career path in cybersecurity involves mastering certain skills as you ascend through varied roles. Here’s a progression of roles from entry-level to more advanced, each emphasizing the skills needed:

1. IT Technician / Help Desk


  • Basic Troubleshooting: Identifying and resolving basic IT issues.
  • Customer Service: Assisting users with their technical inquiries.
  • Operating Systems: Understanding of different OS like Windows, macOS, Linux.
  • Network Basics: Understanding IP addressing, subnets, and basic protocols.

2. Jr. Security Analyst


  • Monitoring: Observing security incident alerts and responding accordingly.
  • Vulnerability Assessment: Identifying and communicating vulnerabilities in the system.
  • Reporting: Articulating incidents and findings clearly for documentation.

3. Network Administrator


  • Network Configuration: Implementing and managing firewalls, routers, switches.
  • Network Analysis: Monitoring and optimizing network performance and security.
  • Troubleshooting: Identifying and solving network-related issues.

4. Security Analyst


  • Incident Response: Handling and investigating security incidents.
  • Security Tools: Utilizing cybersecurity tools like IDS/IPS, SIEMs effectively.
  • Compliance Monitoring: Ensuring policies and protocols are adhered to.

5. Incident Responder


  • Crisis Management: Effectively navigating through cybersecurity incidents.
  • Digital Forensics: Investigating incidents to determine impact and source.
  • Communication: Coordinating across teams to manage incidents.

6. Security Engineer


  • Security Solutions: Designing, implementing, and managing security solutions.
  • Automation: Utilizing scripting for automation of security processes.
  • Vulnerability Management: Ensuring systems are patched and secure.

7. Penetration Tester


  • Ethical Hacking: Employing hacking techniques to identify vulnerabilities.
  • Reporting: Documenting findings and offering mitigation strategies.
  • Tool Mastery: Efficient use of penetration testing tools and software.

8. Security Consultant


  • Security Strategies: Developing comprehensive security strategies for organizations.
  • Client Interaction: Communicating findings and strategies effectively to clients.
  • Risk Assessment: Evaluating security postures and potential risks.

9. Security Architect


  • Secure Design: Developing secure network and system architectures.
  • Integration: Effectively integrating security controls within organizational processes.
  • Threat Modeling: Identifying potential threats and designing to mitigate them.

10. Chief Information Security Officer (CISO)


  • Leadership: Managing cybersecurity teams and initiatives.
  • Budget Management: Allocating resources effectively for cybersecurity initiatives.
  • Strategic Planning: Aligning cybersecurity strategies with organizational goals.

What Programming or Scripting Language Should You Learn?

When considering the types of coding or scripting languages that potential cybersecurity students should learn, it’s important to factor in various aspects such as application, industry demand, and learning curve. Here’s a ranking along with a brief reasoning and a rating (out of 10, considering its utility and demand in cybersecurity):

1. Python

Rating: 10/10

Reasoning: Versatility, widespread use in cybersecurity for automation, tool development, and data analysis.

Application: Penetration testing, malware analysis, and security research.

2. Bash/Shell Scripting

Rating: 9/10

Reasoning: Powerful for system and network administrators, especially in Linux environments.

Application: Automation of system tasks, log analysis, and managing network services.

3. JavaScript

Rating: 8.5/10

Reasoning: Extensive use in web technologies and crucial for understanding web app vulnerabilities.

Application: Web application security, and understanding client-side attacks like XSS.

4. SQL

Rating: 8/10

Reasoning: Essential due to the prevalence of databases in applications and commonality of SQL injection attacks.

Application: Web application security, and database management.

5. C/C++

Rating: 8/10

Reasoning: Vital for understanding memory management and potential vulnerabilities like buffer overflows.

Application: Malware analysis, system programming, and vulnerability research.

6. PowerShell

Rating: 7.5/10

Reasoning: Widely used in Windows environments for task automation and management.

Application: Incident response, and automation in Windows environments.

7. Java

Rating: 7/10

Reasoning: Common in enterprise environments, mobile (Android) applications, and web backends.

Application: Mobile app security, and understanding server-side logic in web applications.

8. Assembly

Rating: 7/10

Reasoning: Fundamental for understanding low-level code execution, especially for malware analysis.

Application: Malware analysis, and reverse engineering.

9. Ruby

Rating: 6.5/10

Reasoning: Utilized in various cybersecurity tools and allows quick script development.

Application: Penetration testing (e.g., Metasploit) and task automation.

10. PHP

Rating: 6/10

Reasoning: Common in web development, understanding PHP is crucial for identifying vulnerabilities in web apps.

Application: Web application security and secure coding practices.

Additional Notes:

  • Adaptability: Being adaptable and able to pick up new languages as needed is crucial in cybersecurity due to its ever-evolving nature.
  • Foundational Understanding: Grasping foundational programming concepts is often more important than the specific language itself.
  • Environment Specific: Sometimes, language priority may shift based on specific environments or niches (e.g., Swift for iOS application security).

These ratings can be subjective and fluctuate based on specific cybersecurity domains, ongoing trends, and technological advancements. Nonetheless, Python, Bash, and JavaScript generally secure top spots due to their extensive application in various cybersecurity tasks and scenarios.

Where to Learn Coding for Cyber Security?

Acquiring coding skills tailored for cybersecurity can be an exciting journey, opening up numerous possibilities in the realm of protecting digital realms. Let’s dive into the various avenues through which you can acquire these pivotal skills:

1. Online Learning Platforms

Various platforms like Codecademy and Coursera offer a vast array of courses, ranging from beginner-friendly introductions to coding to more advanced modules focusing on specific cybersecurity skills, such as penetration testing or network security. Similarly, Udemy and edX propose a myriad of courses, some of which are crafted by esteemed universities and seasoned professionals in cybersecurity.

2. YouTube Channels

YouTube has been a treasure trove of knowledge for aspiring cybersecurity professionals. Channels like LiveOverflow, Hackersploit, and The Cyber Mentor delve deep into aspects of cybersecurity, providing valuable insights and tutorials that cover practical applications of coding in cyber scenarios. These channels can be a great supplementary resource to formal courses.

3. Communities and Websites

Engagement with communities through platforms like Stack Overflow, GitHub, and cybersecurity subreddits provides a rich environment for knowledge exchange, query resolution, and staying updated with the latest in cybersecurity. Navigating through real-world issues, solutions, and open-source projects on these platforms can significantly enhance your practical knowledge.

4. Bootcamps

Bootcamps, such as those provided by SecureSet Academy and Evolve Security Academy, offer immersive and focused training sessions that aim to mold you into a proficient cybersecurity professional. These are designed to be intensive, hands-on experiences that would enable you to acquire applicable skills in a relatively short span.

5. Books

Books such as “Black Hat Python” and “Hacking: The Art of Exploitation” provide a rich source of knowledge, with the former focusing on utilizing Python for hacking purposes, and the latter delivering a robust understanding of hacking from the ground up, intertwined with insights into C programming.

6. University Courses

Formal education through university courses or a degree in computer science or cybersecurity can provide you with a strong foundational knowledge and recognition, assisting you in either beginning or advancing your career path in cybersecurity.

7. Hackathons & Capture The Flag (CTF) Competitions

Participating in hackathons and CTF competitions is not only a fun challenge but also a brilliant way to apply theoretical knowledge in a simulated real-world scenario. It gives you the chance to challenge and hone your skills while interacting with a community of like-minded individuals.

Guided Path

While learning to code for cybersecurity, ensure your path includes understanding the applicability of coding skills in cyber scenarios, involving yourself in practical projects, networking with the cybersecurity community, and cementing your knowledge of cybersecurity fundamentals. Consistency, practical engagement, and continuous learning are your allies in this endeavor to master coding in cybersecurity. So, set sail and dive deep into the intriguing world of cybersecurity coding!


Do I need to learn coding for cyber security?

No, you do not need to learn coding to pursue a career in cyber security. Although coding can be beneficial in certain areas of cybersecurity, it is not a requirement. Instead, focus on obtaining the CompTIA Security+ certification, which is a widely recognized starting point in the field. This certification will provide you with the necessary foundation and knowledge to kickstart your cybersecurity career without the need for extensive coding skills.

What type of coding is needed for cyber security?

In the field of cybersecurity, a diverse range of programming languages can be employed depending on specific needs. One widely used language is Python, known for its simplicity and versatility in tasks such as creating secure network connections and analyzing data. Java is also commonly utilized, mainly due to its strong security features and extensive libraries that aid in building secure applications. Additionally, languages like JavaScript, SQL, PHP, PowerShell, and C play crucial roles in different aspects of cyber defense, such as web security, database protection, and system administration. As the cyber landscape continually evolves, being proficient in multiple coding languages becomes integral for effective and comprehensive cybersecurity practices.

Is cyber security coding hard?

Cybersecurity coding can pose challenges, but with passion and interest in technology, it doesn’t have to be hard. By developing a keen interest in the technologies involved, one can find that complex abilities in the field become more approachable and manageable. With dedication, cybersecurity coding can become an accessible skill to acquire.

Can a non IT person learn cyber security?

Yes, a non-IT person can definitely learn and excel in the field of cybersecurity. While it is true that a significant number of cybersecurity professionals have an IT background, the fact that 23 percent of surveyed cybersecurity employees started their careers in a non-IT field shows that it is not a requirement. Cybersecurity requires a combination of skills, such as problem-solving, critical thinking, and attention to detail, which can be developed and honed by individuals from various professional backgrounds. With the right training, dedication, and a passion for learning, anyone can acquire the necessary knowledge and expertise to thrive in the field of cybersecurity, regardless of their initial career path.

In fact, having a diverse range of backgrounds within the cybersecurity workforce can be advantageous. Non-IT professionals bring unique perspectives and fresh ideas to the table, which can contribute to innovative problem-solving and the development of more comprehensive security strategies. With the increasing demand for skilled cybersecurity professionals, there are numerous training programs and resources available for non-IT individuals to gain the required technical skills. As long as there is a willingness to learn and adapt, anyone can embark on a successful career in cybersecurity, even without an IT background.