Which Engineering Branch is Best for Future Careers?

Which Engineering Branch is Best for Future Careers

Trying to find a career that is the best fit for you and will offer you a stable livelihood and fulfillment is something that everyone needs to get around to at one point or another. While scouring the many different careers that are available, perhaps you have come to the conclusion that engineering is the one for you.

One thing that you may have found out is that engineering actually is a very broad term, and there is a multitude of different branches underneath the umbrella term of engineering.

If you are interested in learning about some of the most common and beneficial branches of engineering, go ahead and take a moment to read up on these picks. You can learn about what kind of work each branch of engineering entails, and how in-demand it is in the near future.

Picking the Branch for You

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering is a branch of engineering which focuses on studying various types of objects as well as systems and aims to see how they act when in motion. This branch of engineering is one of the very best to take up due to how flexible and in-demand it is.

No matter what the climate of society is, mechanical engineers are always in demand. Mechanical engineers almost never have any trouble finding work in the government sector, and even private sectors are always in search of new mechanical engineers.

If you enjoy cars and other automobiles, how they are designed, and how you can work to improve them even further than they already are, then mechanical engineering may be the perfect branch of engineering for you. 

Mechanical engineering is such a unique branch of engineering because of how it finds its way into so many different aspects of our day to day lives. Mechanical engineers even find work for various companies that work to improve the human body in various ways, either through prosthetics or other assistive technology.

If you decide to take up Mechanical engineering, expect to find work in the automotive or aerospace industries working on vehicles, in computers and electronics systems along with many other types of systems, or even in robotics and automation for various industries such as the manufacturing industry.

400;”>Civil Engineering

Choosing this branch of engineering is perfect for those who enjoy designing and building various structures that will be used by people on a daily basis. If you aspire to be the brains behind the construction of a skyscraper or other important building, then civil engineering is for you!

Civil engineers do not just work on buildings, but they are also responsible for the construction of roads and bridges, as well as dams and canals. They work on nearly every constructed thing that makes our daily lives better.

Just like mechanical engineering, civil engineering is a branch of engineering which will always be needed. Civil engineering is actually the oldest form of engineering! As long as there are things to be built, civil engineers will be needed.

Rest assured that you will be able to find steady work in a variety of different industries should you pick civil engineering as your branch of choice.

Computer Engineering

It should come as no surprise to know that computer engineering has grown in popularity and demand over the past few decades. With the rise of technology such as smartphones and computers, computer engineers are in very high demand.

If you take up computer engineering as your branch of choice you will learn about how to code and decode various forms of software, program computer systems, network and make your own designs, and deal with many various concepts of computers and computer systems.

Computer engineering as a branch is growing more and more popular with each passing year. After graduating, you can expect to find work in various different companies, and even with some multinational companies.

Electrical Engineering

Choosing to take up electrical engineering will equip you with the skills needed to perform some very intricate work pertaining to various forms of electricity and technology. It is one of the newer branches of engineering, having only been formed formally in the latter part of the 19th century. But ever since then it has been stable and in high demand.

As an electrical engineer, you will be tasked with crafting and designing things such as microchips and other components that are to be used in computer systems and other devices. From small things up to very large things, electrical engineers design parts for them.

With stable work in both the private sectors as well as the government sectors, any graduates of electrical engineering should not have any issues finding work that will give them a good livelihood, and the demand for good electrical engineers is growing with each passing year.

In order to get started in this field, all you need is a bachelor’s degree and possibly an internship (depending on the position you are applying for). Practical experience is a big plus for this type of career when starting out, but once you are established seeing salaries in the 6-figures will not be out of the ordinary for a skilled electrical engineer.

Chemical Engineering

In terms of salary, this branch of engineering outshines its peers by quite a lot. While it is not widely talked about a branch of engineering, chemical engineering has grown in demand over recent years to become one of the most sought-after branches of engineering.

Because there are so few chemical engineers as compared to the other branches of engineering, yet the demand for chemical engineers stays high, many employers are willing to pay quite large sums to any skilled chemical engineers that they can get their hands on. Expect very handsome salaries when taking up this career.

Chemical engineers can find work in various fields and industries including the pharmaceutical industry, health care, and even in food processing or chemical fields. Should you so wish, you will even be able to take up further studies and gain knowledge in nano- or biotechnology, or even in petrochemicals and fertilizers.

By far, this is one of the best career choices in the coming years due to how many solutions for environmental problems and pollution are becoming direr and direr.

Agricultural Engineering

If you are fascinated with how you can make improvements to the agricultural sector and make the process of harvesting and planting crops easier, then this is the branch of engineering for you. 

Agricultural engineering is a branch of engineering that tends to get overlooked due to the presence of flashier options, but it is one of the most important branches of engineering. Many of our modern-day innovations in agriculture would not be present were it not for agricultural engineers.

By optimizing the resources that are used and finding ways to make the process of planting, harvesting, and transporting agricultural products smoother, agricultural engineers always find themselves in steady demand.

Agricultural engineers are also responsible for coming up with new and innovative ways that they can solve any problems posed by certain aspects of agriculture. By improving on the efficiency of machines and improving on power supplies that are used they work to make the agricultural industry a better place.

They are also tasked with finding solutions and dealing with the pollution that may be caused as a byproduct of various agricultural techniques. They aim to reduce this pollution and, if possible, eliminate it entirely.

Dealing with storing agricultural products is another responsibility that falls under the jurisdiction of agricultural engineering. The processing of these products is another thing that agricultural engineers will tackle. In both of these cases, they will try to find new and more efficient ways to perform these tasks.

Overall, this is a great pick for anyone who wants to bring innovations to the current agricultural landscape and find steady work and a good career for the future. The field is projected to grow by a decent amount in the years to come, and all that is required to get started is a bachelor’s degree in agricultural engineering.

Aeronautical Engineering

This branch of engineering deals with aircraft and other forms of aerospace transport. Because the aerospace industry is constantly seeing new innovations and improvements, choosing aeronautical engineering as your branch will set you on the course for steady work.

Aeronautical engineers are tasked with handling the design of aircraft and other machines, such as those that operate rockets. They will try to design new ones, make improvements to previous models, and overall innovate in order to bring the more efficient craft to the forefront of their fields.

This branch of engineering also has the chance to manufacture and design aircraft for the military and bring innovations for wartime craft. Not only that, but aeronautical engineers may also find themselves developing satellites and other spacecraft.

This branch deals quite a bit in technology, and with many companies looking to move onto the next level of innovation for new aircraft in the coming years, choosing aerospace engineering as your branch will secure you a good career upon graduation.

As a fresh graduate, you will most likely find work as a trainee and work your way up until you are a fully-fledged aircraft engineer or technical officer. After gaining more and more tenure within this job you may even find yourself gaining administrative or executive positions, eventually even becoming a consultant.

Petroleum Engineering

With a steady and expected growth of this job in the coming years, petroleum engineering is a good choice for your branch of engineering. In general, petroleum engineers have quite a high salary in comparison to other jobs, and this is due to the work that they perform.

This branch of engineering actually borrows many different aspects of its sister branches mechanical and chemical engineering. While it also gets some things from civil engineering, petroleum engineering has evolved to become its own unique discipline.

Petroleum engineers are responsible for designing and coming up with new and innovative ways that they can harvest and secure natural resources for use in our everyday lives. They attempt to find new ways to extract oil and natural gas from the earth in the most effective way possible.

Working on new ways to make drilling sites safer for those who are working there also falls under the umbrella of responsibility of a petroleum engineer. Through their innovations and hard work, petroleum engineers strive to make the extraction of natural resources more efficient, making these resources less expensive for consumers in the long run.

Fresh graduates of petroleum engineering may be able to find work with certain companies where their starting salary is already 6-figures. And it only increases from that point onwards, especially if you are able to rise in position and tenure.

The best part about this is that in order to get into high paying positions one usually only requires a bachelor’s degree in petroleum engineering and some hard work. 

By gaining more experience you can expect to see higher salaries through the years and be able to enjoy quite a healthy and comfortable career until retirement. With petroleum engineers seeing figures of close to $200,000 after two decades of work, this is quite an appealing career choice.

Project Engineering

Individuals who enjoy working in a sort of managerial position and conducting teams by leading them through various stages of a project will definitely want to take a look at project engineering.

Project engineers sit in a sort of middle ground between engineers and managing a business. They are responsible for managing projects of a technical nature as well as the individuals who are working on the said project.

The design of the project and ensuring that it is done to the specifications of the client are the responsibilities of a project engineer. Not only this, but project engineers are tasked with procuring and manufacturing some elements that are used in the project to treatment plants. The transportation of these simple elements is another responsibility of a project engineer.

Just as with mechanical and civil engineering, project engineering is a branch that is necessary throughout all things that require engineering. While it is not a specific degree, any other branch of engineering can result in an individual earning a project engineer post. 

There are ways that an aspiring project engineer can gain further education in order to better their education and gain more knowledge, and learning these new techniques and skills will result in earning a higher salary and position over time.

This branch of engineering is always in demand. You will be able to find work in a variety of different industries and environments, especially because project engineers are required for many different building projects and the like.

Biomedical Engineering

Those who are interested in becoming a healthcare professional but also find interest in the work of an engineer will be very pleased to hear that there is a career that fills both of these roles, and it is called biomedical engineering.

While this branch of engineering covers a wide range of different disciplines and skills, it mainly is focused on coming up with different techniques that can be implemented in the medical field while also developing and designing machines that can be utilized to assist those who are suffering from various ailments.

With a very high salary as compared to other branches of engineering, biomedical engineers are able to enjoy a comfortable career with chances of pay increase and rise in position as tenure grows longer.

Biomedical engineering actually triples in value with each year that passes by, meaning that it is a career choice that will not disappoint in the near future. Even fresh graduates will be able to enjoy a good starting salary that makes other fresh grad careers pale in comparison.

Because there is an increase in the public’s awareness of many new types of ailments, the aging population of our modern-day society, and many individuals being born with or becoming afflicted by various ailments, biomedical engineering will most likely enjoy a very comfortable role as a desirable career for many years to come.


There is a myriad of different branches of engineering, and we have just gone over a very small portion of the branches that are out there. These branches of engineering are a selection of some of the branches that will offer individuals the very best career in the near future in terms of stability and salary.

While some of these branches of engineering may not seem very glamorous, all listed are very beneficial to our everyday lives and each one will see steady employment opportunities for the foreseeable future. 

In general, engineering disciplines, no matter what branch, will tend to offer quite good salaries in comparison to other careers that do not require the same amount of technical expertise. 

When choosing what branch of engineering is best for you for your future career, it is good to look at which one best suits your skills and will offer you a fulfilling career rather than simply the amount you can earn.

Jonathan Holmes

Jonathan Holmes is a writer for HKS Siblab, an education and business blog. He has a MSc in Cyber Security & Digital Forensics from the University of Hertfordshire and has been working in the cyber security industry since 2010. In his spare time, he enjoys reading, playing guitar and spending time with his family.

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